Before looking at what causes heel spurs, it would be informative to look at was causes heel spurs and why they cause so much pain.
As the name suggests, it is a problem that affects the heel and takes the form of an unusual bone growth. This bone growth appears near where the plantar fascia attaches to the bone. This is usually at the bottom front of the heel, although it can be at the side. The bone spur appears as a build up of calcium where the ligament is pulled away from the bone.
People who have an active lifestyle that are constantly putting stress on the are the most likely to develop heel spurs. This is why heel spurs are often found in athletes. It also develops in those who do heavy lifting.
By doing these movements. the ligament is pulled beyond its normal range and it is gradually pulled away from the bone. The body reacts by filling this area with calcium. These calcium deposits begin to form a bony spur which will show up on x-rays.
The calcium deposit do not become painful. But they will press on the soft tissues that surround the bony deposit, cause inflammation and the resulting pain.
The associated pain will often be most severe in the morning, as the pressure has been off it all night. The first pressure on the area in the morning will cause acute pain if left untreated.
The most common treatment is wearing a special shoe for support during the night or inserts during the day. They will apply pressure to the correct areas and take the pressure off the heel spur, reducing the pain and swelling.
In summary, heel spurs are caused by the plantar fascia ligament being stressed over a long period of time. The bone spurs form as a result of the body trying to correct this situation. With correct treatment, these heel bone spurs can be rectified and the chances of them happening